Newswise – Argonne scientists Supratik Guha and Valerie Taylor will lead DOE-funded research projects in microelectronics for more efficient computing.
Many of the devices we use every day, like smartphones and computers, rely on tiny electronic components. These microelectronics have experienced enormous progress thanks to increased miniaturization. But current technology seems to be approaching its limit. New approaches are needed to meet the growing needs of our information-driven society.
In August 25, the US Department of Energy (DOE) awarded nearly $54 million to ten new projects led by DOEnational laboratories to increase energy efficiency in the design and production of microelectronics. Scientists Supratik Guha and Valerie Taylor at DOEThe Argonne National Laboratory will lead two of these projects.
“Thanks to microelectronics, technologies that swallowed entire buildings now fit in the palms of our hands and now support climate solutions in the fields of electricity, transport and renewable energies. – Secretary of Energy Jennifer M. Granholm
“Thanks to microelectronics, technologies that engulfed entire buildings now fit in the palms of our hands and now support climate solutions in the fields of electricity, transport and renewable energies, ”said the Secretary of Energy. Jennifer M. Granholm.“DOEWorld-class scientists strive to reduce the carbon footprint of microtechnologies used by billions of people around the world to secure our clean energy future, increase U.S. competitiveness, and lead climate action and innovation.
Guha’s project is called“Ultra-dense, near-perfect, atomic and synaptic memory. His team will work to understand and create new approaches to memory for future computing.
The need for unlimited fast memory and more efficient memory-centric computing is critical for future global computing needs, and memory technology is the biggest bottleneck for large computing platforms. ladder. Today’s microelectronic innovations bend, but do not solve, the great challenge of the memory bottleneck. The materials, devices and architectures that will provide solutions do not exist today and must be designed on the basis of a scientific understanding of mechanisms at the electronic, atomic and system level.
Research could lead to more energy efficient computing, which would result in new computing applications more widespread in all aspects of society and the world.
“Our planned research is of a fundamental scientific nature and aims to understand and create new approaches for digital and analog memory for future computing, ”said Guha, senior advisor to the physical sciences and engineering branch of Argonne and professor at the Pritzker School of, University of Chicago. Molecular Engineering.
The team’s goal is to make the scientific discoveries necessary for extremely efficient memory for the future – orders of magnitude denser, more energetically efficient, and more powerful than today.
Taylor’s project is called“Threadwork: a transformative co-design approach to materials research and computational architecture. It involves a multidisciplinary collaboration that considers the interdependencies between materials, physics, architectures and software.
Threadwork is an approach to materials and computational architecture research that will transform the process by which scientists conduct research in microelectronics. A key element of Threadwork is a simulation framework for exploring the relationships between materials and applications. This coupling, or co-design, is essential to identify the most promising avenues of research on materials and devices impacting microelectronics, detectors for high energy physics and nuclear physics research and other applications aligned with DOE.
“I am very excited about the opportunities offered by the Threadwork co-design approach to connect applications to materials research and accelerate advancements in several scientific fields, ”said Taylor, Director of Mathematics and Computer Science at Argonne.
The team includes scientists from fields spanning materials research in neuromorphic – or brain-inspired devices and interconnections, high-energy physics and nuclear physics detectors, computational architecture, neuromorphic algorithms and methods of development. artificial intelligence, atomistic modeling and energy efficient computing.
Also on Taylor’s proposal are Anand Bhattacharya, Pierre Darancet, Salman Habib, Xuedan Ma, Sandeep Madireddy, Xingfu Wu, Angel Yanguas-Gil and Jinlong Zhang (Argonne); Andrew Chien (joint assignment with Argonne and the University of Chicago); and Mark Hersam (Northwestern University).
Guha’s proposal includes Pete Beckman, Dillon Fong and Charudatta Phatak (Argonne); Giulia Galli and Tian Zhong (joint mandates with Argonne and the University of Chicago); and Anand Raghunathan and Kaushik Roy (Purdue University).
The projects were chosen on the basis of a peer review within the framework of the DOE National laboratory announcement“Research of co-design in microelectronics. Argonne projects received a combined total of $ten.5 million. DOEtotal scholarship funding is $54 million for projects lasting up to three years, with18 million in fiscal year 2021 dollars and out-of-year funding contingent on Congressional appropriations.
Argonne National Laboratory seeks solutions to urgent national problems in science and technology. The country’s leading national laboratory, Argonne conducts cutting-edge fundamental and applied scientific research in virtually all scientific disciplines. Argonne researchers work closely with researchers from hundreds of businesses, universities, and federal, state, and municipal agencies to help them solve their specific problems, advance U.S. scientific leadership, and prepare the nation for a better future. With employees over 60 nations, Argonne is managed by UChicago Argonne, SARL for the Office of Science of the US Department of Energy.
The Office of Science of the United States Department of Energy is the largest proponent of basic physical science research in the United States and strives to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time. For more information, visit https: // ener gy .gov / s c ience.